Integumentary system is the system which includes skin and its appendages like nails and hair. It is the system of the body that protects the body from any kind of external damage. This is a very crucial aspect in any kind of diagnosis since it easily reflects the changes happening in the internal part of our body for example in Jaundice the skin becomes pale which is a sign of excess presence of the bile pigment in the blood. The intgumentary system may get affected with various diseases due to multiple reasons. Given below are some of the common diseases that affect the integumentary system:
Bacterial Infection: Staphylococcus is the most common disease causing bacteria that affects the skin of the children and the disease is known as Impetigo. This disease is characterised with small blisters that are filled with pus.
Acne: This is a disorder of the sebaceous gland and hair follicle that affects everyone at one or the other point of time. The four major causes behind acne are bacterial infection, sebum, hormone and abnormal keratinisation.
Viral Infections: Viral infections can also cause damage to skin and some of the common diseases that affect the skin and are caused by the viruses are measles, German measles and chickenpox etc.
Warts: This is another less dangerous form of viral infection in which the infection occurs in epidermis and in most cases it’s harmless. With the appropriate treatment this can be easily treated.
Fungal Infection: The most common fungal infection is ring worm in which the keratinized portion of the skin gets affected. Patchy scaling and inflammation is seen on the skin, hair and nails. These fungal infections can be caused in the various parts of the body.
Bullae: Tissue damage causes fluid filled patches on the skin which eventually develops an inflammatory response and edema. In the different layers of the skin this Bullae can be caused due to physical injury or any kind of infection.
Decubitus Ulcers: It is also known as bed sores or pressure sores which are usually developed in patients who are immobile. The constant body weight on the bony part of the body like hip and heels gets damaged due to constant pressure and reduced blood circulation.
Psoriasis: This is a chronic disease that does not have any specific cause and cure. With the treatment it can be controlled to great extent but cannot be removed completely. Skin gets large silvery scales which starts bleeding if scratched with something.
Dermatitis: This is an inflammation of the skin that can be caused due to infection, poor blood circulation, allergy and exposure to physical factors like cold, heat and sunlight.
Vitiligo: It is an autoimmune response in which the melanocyte of that particular area of the skin gets destroyed. This leads to the development of patches in the white skin.
Cancer: skin cancer is another common form of cancer that damages the skin. The exposure to UV radiations lead to the development of this cancer and most common form of skin cancer is basal cell carcinoma.